ACS Applied Computer Science

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Applied Computer Science Volume 20, Number 2, 2024

FEW-SHOT LEARNING WITH PRE-TRAINED LAYERS INTEGRATION APPLIED TO HAND GESTURE RECOGNITION FOR PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES

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Employing vision-based hand gesture recognition for the interaction and communication of disabled individuals is highly beneficial. The hands and gestures of this category of people have a distinctive aspect, requiring the adaptation of a deep learning vision-based system with a dedicated dataset for each individual. To achieve this objective, the paper presents a novel approach for training gesture classification using few-shot samples. More specifically, the gesture classifiers are fine-tuned segments of a pre-trained deep network. The global framework consists of two modules. The first one is a base feature learner and a hand detector trained with normal people hand’s images; this module results in a hand detector ad hoc model. The second module is a learner sub-classifier; it is the leverage of the convolution layers of the hand detector feature extractor. It builds a shallow CNN trained with few-shot samples for gesture classification. The proposed approach enables the reuse of segments of a pre-trained feature extractor to build a new sub-classification model. The results obtained by varying the size of the training dataset have demonstrated the efficiency of our method compared to the ones of the literature.

  • APA 7th style
Elbahri, M., Taleb, N., Ardjoun, S. A. E. M., & Zouaoui, C. M. A. (2024). Few-shot learning with pre-trained layers integration applied to hand gesture recognition for disabled people. Applied Computer Science, 20(2), 1–23. https://doi.org/10.35784/acs-2024-13
  • Chicago style
Elbahri, Mohamed, Nasreddine Taleb, Sid Ahmed El Mehdi Ardjoun, and Chakib Mustapha Anouar Zouaoui. „Few-Shot Learning with Pre-Trained Layers Integration Applied to Hand Gesture Recognition for Disabled People”. Applied Computer Science 20, no. 2 (2024): 1–23.
  • IEEE style
M. Elbahri, N. Taleb, S. A. E. M. Ardjoun, and C. M. A. Zouaoui, „Few-shot learning with pre-trained layers integration applied to hand gesture recognition for disabled people”, Applied Computer Science, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 1–23, 2024, doi: 10.35784/acs-2024-13.
  • Vancouver style
Elbahri M, Taleb N, Ardjoun SAEM, Zouaoui CMA. Few-shot learning with pre-trained layers integration applied to hand gesture recognition for disabled people. Applied Computer Science. 2024; 20(2):1–23.

DIGITAL NEWS CLASSIFICATION AND PUNCTUACTION USING MACHINE LEARNING AND TEXT MINING TECHNIQUES

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Persistent growth of information in recent decades, along with the development of new information technologies for its management, have made it essential to develop systems that allow to synthesize this massive information or better known as big data. In this article, a feedback based system for massive processing of digital newspapers is presented. This system synthesizes the most relevant information from different news stories obtained from several sources. System is fed with information from the Internet using web scraping techniques. All this information is stored in a data lake which has been implemented using NoSQL databases. Next, data processing is performed, focusing on words, their relevance, and their correlation with other words from related content groups or headlines. In order to perform this aggrupation, machine learning Large Language Model (LLM), K Nearest Neighbors (KNN) and text mining techniques are used. New text mining algorithms are also developed to adjust thresholds during content aggregation and synthesis. Finally, the results visualization mechanism is presented which allow users to give a punctuation to the news stories. This mechanism represents a feedback punctuation for the system which will be considered into the global punctuation, which is the basis to show the results. This system can be useful to summarize all the information contained in the news stories which are stored in Internet, providing users a fast way to be informed.

  • APA 7th style
Cevallos Salas, F. A. (2024). Digital news classification and punctuation using machine learning and text mining techniques. Applied Computer Science, 20(2), 24–42. https://doi.org/10.35784/acs-2024-14
  • Chicago style
Cevallos Salas, Fernando Andrés. „Digital News Classification and Punctuation Using Machine Learning and Text Mining Techniques”. Applied Computer Science 20, no. 2 (2024): 24–42.
  • IEEE style
F. A. Cevallos Salas, „Digital news classification and punctuation using machine learning and text mining techniques”, Applied Computer Science, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 24–42, 2024, doi: 10.35784/acs-2024-14.
  • Vancouver style
Cevallos Salas FA. Digital news classification and punctuation using machine learning and text mining techniques. Applied Computer Science. 2024; 20(2):24–42.

MODELING OF OPTIMAL PROBE MEASUREMENT TIME ON A MACHINE TOOL USING MACHINE LEARNING METHODS

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This paper explores the application of various machine learning techniques to model the optimal measurement time required after machining with a probe on CNC machine tools. Specifically, the research employs four different machine learning models: Elastic Net, Neural Networks, Decision Trees, and Support Vector Machines, each chosen for their unique strengths in addressing different aspects of predictive modeling in an industrial context. The study examines the input parameters such as material type, post-processing wall thickness, cutting depth, and rotational speed over measurement time. This approach ensures that the models account for the variables that significantly affect CNC machine operations. Regression value, mean square error, root mean square error, mean absolute percentage error, and mean absolute error were used to evaluate the quality of the obtained models. As a result of the analyses, the best modeling results were obtained using neural networks. Their ability to accurately predict measurement times can significantly increase operational efficiency by optimizing schedules and reducing downtime in machining processes.

  • APA 7th style
Józwik, J., Zawada-Michałowska, M., Kulisz, M., Tomiło, P., Barszcz, M., Pieśko, P., Leleń, M., & Cybul, K. (2024). Modeling the optimal measurement time with a probe on the machine tool using machine learning methods. Applied Computer Science, 20(2), 43–59. https://doi.org/10.35784/acs-2024-15
  • Chicago style
Józwik, Jerzy, Magdalena Zawada-Michałowska, Monika Kulisz, Paweł Tomiło, Marcin Barszcz, Paweł Pieśko, Michał Leleń, and Kamil Cybul. „Modeling the Optimal Measurement Time with a Probe on the Machine Tool Using Machine Learning Methods”. Applied Computer Science 20, no. 2 (2024): 43–59.
  • IEEE style
J. Józwik et al., „Modeling the optimal measurement time with a probe on the machine tool using machine learning methods”, Applied Computer Science, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 43–59, 2024, doi: 10.35784/acs-2024-15.
  • Vancouver style
Józwik J, Zawada-Michałowska M, Kulisz M, Tomiło P, Barszcz M, Pieśko P, et al. Modeling the optimal measurement time with a probe on the machine tool using machine learning methods. Applied Computer Science. 2024; 20(2):43–59.

EXAMINATION OF SUMMARIZED MEDICAL RECORDS FOR ICD CODE CLASSIFICATION VIA BERT

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The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) is utilized by member countries of the World Health Organization (WHO). It is a critical system to ensure worldwide standardization of diagnosis codes, which enables data comparison and analysis across various nations. The ICD system is essential in supporting payment systems, healthcare research, service planning, and quality and safety management. However, the sophisticated and intricate structure of the ICD system can sometimes cause issues such as longer examination times, increased training expenses, a greater need for human resources, problems with payment systems due to inaccurate coding, and unreliable data in health research. Additionally, machine learning models that use automated ICD systems face difficulties with lengthy medical notes. To tackle this challenge, the present study aims to utilize Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care (MIMIC-III) medical notes that have been summarized using the term frequency-inverse document frequency (TF-IDF) method. These notes are further analyzed using deep learning, specifically bidirectional encoder representations from transformers (BERT), to classify disease diagnoses based on ICD codes. Even though the proposed methodology using summarized data provides lower accuracy performance than state-of-the-art methods, the performance results obtained are promising in terms of continuing the study of extracting summary input and more important features, as it provides real-time ICD code classification and more explainable inputs.

  • APA 7th style
Aydogan-Kilic, D., Kilic, D. K., & Nielsen, I. E. (2024). Examination of summarized medical records for ICD code classification via BERT. Applied Computer Science, 20(2), 60–74. https://doi.org/10.35784/acs-2024-16
  • Chicago style
Aydogan-Kilic, Dilek, Deniz Kenan Kilic, and Izabela Ewa Nielsen. „Examination of Summarized Medical Records for ICD Code Classification via BERT”. Applied Computer Science 20, no. 2 (2024): 60–74.
  • IEEE style
D. Aydogan-Kilic, D. K. Kilic, and I. E. Nielsen, „Examination of summarized medical records for ICD code classification via BERT”, Applied Computer Science, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 60–74, 2024, doi: 10.35784/acs-2024-16.
  • Vancouver style
Aydogan-Kilic D, Kilic DK, Nielsen IE. Examination of summarized medical records for ICD code classification via BERT. Applied Computer Science. 2024; 20(2):60–74.

THE UTILIZATION OF 6G IN INDUSTRY 4.0

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The sixth-generation (6G) communication technology has potential in various applications, for instance, industrial automation, intelligent transportation, healthcare systems, and energy consumption prediction. On the other hand, the concerns of privacy measures and security measures in 6G-enabled networks are considered critical issues and challenges. The integration of 6G with advanced technologies for example computing, Artificial Intelligence (AI), and Internet of Things (IoT) is a common theme in this paper. Additionally, the paper discusses the challenges and advancements required for 6G technology to be utilized with other technologies, involving edge technology, big data analytics, and deep learning. In this review paper, the authors overview the integration of 6G with cutting-edge technologies like IoT, IoMT, AI, and edge computing that address human requirements and issues. In addition, to make values for new technologies like Big data, federated learning machine learning, deep learning, and multiple aspects are merged collectively to offer a network for the machine and human growing era. These integrations can be utilized for monitoring energy consumption in real-time, intelligent transportation solutions, improved security in industrial applications, signal reconstruction, and industrial automation. Additionally, the authors illustrate the critical considerations and challenges that face the integration of 6G for instance, performance requirements, security, and privacy concerns. Overall, this paper suggests that 6G communication technology can revolutionize different sides of our society, and enhance efficiency and accuracy in various future industrial automation and sectors.

  • APA 7th style
M. Shukur, H., Askar, S., & R.M. Zeebaree, S. (2024). The utilization of 6G in Industry 4.0. Applied Computer Science, 20(2), 75–89. https://doi.org/10.35784/acs-2024-17
  • Chicago style
M. Shukur, Hanan, Shavan Askar, and Subhi R.M. Zeebaree. „The Utilization of 6G in Industry 4.0”. Applied Computer Science 20, no. 2 (2024): 75–89.
  • IEEE style
H. M. Shukur, S. Askar, and S. R.M. Zeebaree, „The utilization of 6G in Industry 4.0”, Applied Computer Science, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 75–89, 2024, doi: 10.35784/acs-2024-17.
  • Vancouver style
M. Shukur H, Askar S, R.M. Zeebaree S. The utilization of 6G in Industry 4.0. Applied Computer Science. 2024; 20(2):75–89.

APPLICATION OF EEMD-DFA ALGORITHMS AND ANN CLASSIFICATION FOR DETECTION OF KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS USING VIBROARTHROGRAPHY

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Osteoarthritis is one of the leading causes of disability around the globe. Up to this date there is no definite cure for cartilage lesions. Only fast and accurate diagnosis enables prolonging joint survivor time. Available diagnostic methods have disadvantages such as high price, radiation, need for experienced radiologists or low availability in some regions. The present study evaluates the use of vibroarthorgraphy as a method of cartilage lesion detection. 47 patients with diagnosed cartilage lesions, and 51 healthy control group patients have been enrolled in this study. The cartilage in the study group was evaluated intraoperatively by experienced orthopaedic surgeon. Signal acquisition was performed in open and closed kinematic chain based on 10 knee joint movements from 0-90 degrees. By using EEMD-DFA algorithms, reducing classifier inputs using ANOVA and then classifying using artificial neural networks (ANN), a classification accuracy of almost 93% was achieved. A sensitivity of 0.93 and a specificity of 0.93 with an AUC of 0.942 were obtained for the multilayer perceptron network. These results allow to apply this testing protocol in a clinical setting in the future. 

  • APA 7th style
Machrowska, A., Karpiński, R., Maciejewski, M., Jonak, J., & Krakowski, P. (2024). Application of EEMD-DFA algorithms and ANN classification for detection of knee osteoarthritis using vibroarthrography. Applied Computer Science, 20(2), 90–108. https://doi.org/10.35784/acs-2024-18
  • Chicago style
Machrowska, Anna, Robert Karpiński, Marcin Maciejewski, Józef Jonak, and Przemysław Krakowski. „Application of EEMD-DFA Algorithms and ANN Classification for Detection of Knee Osteoarthritis Using Vibroarthrography”. Applied Computer Science 20, no. 2 (2024): 90–108.
  • IEEE style
A. Machrowska, R. Karpiński, M. Maciejewski, J. Jonak, and P. Krakowski, „Application of EEMD-DFA algorithms and ANN classification for detection of knee osteoarthritis using vibroarthrography”, Applied Computer Science, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 90–108, 2024, doi: 10.35784/acs-2024-18.
  • Vancouver style
Machrowska A, Karpiński R, Maciejewski M, Jonak J, Krakowski P. Application of EEMD-DFA algorithms and ANN classification for detection of knee osteoarthritis using vibroarthrography. Applied Computer Science. 2024; 20(2):90–108.

PREDICTING STATES OF EPILEPSY PATIENTS USING DEEP LEARNING MODELS

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In this study, the authors present and scrutinize two deep learning models designed for predicting the states of epilepsy patients by utilizing extracted data from their brain's electrical activities recorded in electroencephalography (EEG) signals. The proposed models leverage deep learning networks, with the first being a recurrent neural network known as Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM), and the second a non-recurrent network in the form of a Deep Feedforward Network (DFN) architecture. To construct and execute the DFN and LSTM architectures, the authors rely on 22 characteristics extracted from diverse EEG signals, forming a comprehensive dataset from five patients. The primary goal is to forecast impending epilepsy seizures and categorize three distinct states of brain activity in epilepsy patients. The models put forward yield promising results, particularly in terms of classification rates, across various preceding seizure timeframes ranging from 5 to 50 minutes.

  • APA 7th style
Sidaoui, B. (2024). Predicting states of epilepsy patients using deep learning models. Applied Computer Science, 20(2), 109–125. https://doi.org/10.35784/acs-2024-19
  • Chicago style
Sidaoui, Boutkhil. „Predicting States of Epilepsy Patients Using Deep Learning Models”. Applied Computer Science 20, no. 2 (2024): 109–125.
  • IEEE style
B. Sidaoui, „Predicting states of epilepsy patient's using deep learning models”, Applied Computer Science, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 109–125, 2024, doi: 10.35784/acs-2024-19.
  • Vancouver style
Sidaoui B. Predicting states of epilepsy patients using deep learning models. Applied Computer Science. 2024; 20(2):109–125.

IMPROVING E-LEARNING BY FACIAL EXPRESSION ANALYSIS

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Modern technology has become a vital part of our daily lives, and the world has undergone remarkable advancements in various scientific and technological fields. The advancement of technology presents a variety of opportunities for students to promote academic development and make it easier to access education through online learning systems. The most difficult and most demanding task during learning is to be aware of and support the emotional side of students. Recognizing one's emotions is easy for humans, but it is a challenging task for computers due to the specific features of the human face. However, recent advances in computing and image processing have made it possible and easy to detect and categorize emotions in images and videos. This paper focuses on detecting learners' emotions in real time during synchronous learning. In this regard, a video/chat application has been developed for the tutor to detect the emotions of the learners while presenting his lesson. The emotions detected are separated into three states (Satisfied, Neutral and Unsatisfied); each state is made up of two or three distinct emotions. The objective is to assist teachers in adapting teaching methods in virtual learning settings according to the emotions of learners.

  • APA 7th style
Kinane Daouadji, A., & Bendella, F. (2024). Improving e-learning by facial expression analysis. Applied Computer Science, 20(2), 126–137. https://doi.org/10.35784/acs-2024-20
  • Chicago style
Kinane Daouadji, Amina, and Fatima Bendella. „Improving E-Learning by Facial Expression Analysis”. Applied Computer Science 20, no. 2 (2024): 126–137.
  • IEEE style
A. Kinane Daouadji and F. Bendella, „Improving e-learning by facial expression analysis”, Applied Computer Science, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 126–137, 2024, doi: 10.35784/acs-2024-20.
  • Vancouver style
Kinane Daouadji A, Bendella F. Improving e-learning by facial expression analysis. Applied Computer Science. 2024; 20(2):126–137.

EXPLORING THE IMPACT OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE ON HUMANROBOT COOPERATION IN THE CONTEXT OF INDUSTRY 4.0

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The function of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Human-Robot Cooperation (HRC) in Industry 4.0 is unequivocally important and cannot be undervalued. It uses Machine Learning (ML) and Deep Learning (DL) to enhance collaboration between humans and robots in smart manufacturing. These algorithms effectively manage and analyze data from sensors, machinery, and other associated entities. As an outcome, they can extract significant insights that can be beneficial in optimizing the manufacturing process overall. Because dumb manufacturing systems hinder coordination, collaboration, and communication among various manufacturing process components. Consequently, efficiency, quality, and productivity all suffer as a whole. Additionally, Artificial Intelligence (AI) makes it possible to implement sophisticated learning processes that enhance human-robot collaboration and effectiveness when it comes to assembly tasks in the manufacturing domain by enabling learning at a level that is comparable to human-human interactions. When Artificial Intelligence (AI) is widely applied in Human-Robot Cooperation (HRC), a new and dynamic environment for human-robot collaboration is created and responsibilities are divided and distributed throughout social and physical spaces. In conclusion, Artificial Intelligence (AI) plays a crucial and indispensable role in facilitating effective and efficient Human-Robot Cooperation (HRC) within the framework of Industry 4.0. The implementation of Artificial Intelligence (AI)-based algorithms, encompassing deep learning, machine learning, and reinforcement learning, is highly consequential as it enhances human-robot collaboration, streamlines production procedures, and boosts overall productivity, quality, and efficiency in the manufacturing industry.

  • APA 7th style
Asaad, H., Askar, S., Kakamin, A., & Faiq, N. (2024). Exploring the impact of artificial intelligence on human-robot cooperation in the context of Industry 4.0. Applied Computer Science, 20(2), 138–156. https://doi.org/10.35784/acs-2024-21
  • Chicago style
Asaad, Hawkar, Shavan Askar, Ahmed Kakamin, and Nayla Faiq. „Exploring the Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Human-Robot Cooperation in the Context of Industry 4.0”. Applied Computer Science 20, no. 2 (2024): 138–156.
  • IEEE style
H. Asaad, S. Askar, A. Kakamin, and N. Faiq, „Exploring the impact of artificial intelligence on human-robot cooperation in the context of Industry 4.0”, Applied Computer Science, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 138–156, 2024, doi: 10.35784/acs-2024-21.
  • Vancouver style
Asaad H, Askar S, Kakamin A, Faiq N. Exploring the impact of artificial intelligence on human-robot cooperation in the context of Industry 4.0. Applied Computer Science. 2024; 20(2):138–156.

AUTHENTICATION METHOD BASED ON THE DIOPHANTINE MODEL OF THE COIN BAG PROBLEM

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The article presents the so-called coin bag problem, which is modeled by linear Diophantine equations. The problem in question involves assessing the contents of a set of coins based on its weight. Since this type of problem is undecidable, a special variant of the problem was proposed for which effective problem-solving algorithms can be developed. In this paper, an original heuristic is presented (an algorithm based on problem decomposition) which allows to solve the coin bag problem in fewer steps compared to a brute force algorithm. The proposed approach was verified in a series of computational experiments. Additionally, an authentication scheme making use of the approach was proposed as an example of potential practical use.

  • APA 7th style
Niemiec, K., & Bocewicz, G. (2024). An authentication method based on a Diophantine model of the coin bag problem. Applied Computer Science, 20(2), 157–174. https://doi.org/10.35784/acs-2024-22
  • Chicago style
Niemiec, Krzysztof, and Grzegorz Bocewicz. „An Authentication Method Based on a Diophantine Model of the Coin Bag Problem”. Applied Computer Science 20, no. 2 (2024): 157–174.
  • IEEE style
K. Niemiec and G. Bocewicz, „An authentication method based on a Diophantine model of the coin bag problem”, Applied Computer Science, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 157–174, 2024, doi: 10.35784/acs-2024-22.
  • Vancouver style
Niemiec K, Bocewicz G. An authentication method based on a Diophantine model of the coin bag problem. Applied Computer Science. 2024; 20(2):157–174.

PREDICTION OF PATIENT’S WILLINGNESS FOR TREATMENT OF MENTAL ILLNESS USING MACHINE LEARNING APPROACHES

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Mental illness is a physical condition that significantly changes a person’s thoughts, emotions, and capacity to interact with others. The purpose of this study was to explore the application of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) algorithms in predicting behaviour regarding seeking treatment for mental illnesses, to support healthcare providers in reaching out to and supporting individuals more likely to seek treatment, leading to early detection, enhanced outcomes. The Open Sourcing Mental Illness (OSMI) dataset contains 1259 samples used for research and experiment. The study uses several classifiers (Random Forest, Gradient Boosting, SVM, KNN, and Logistic Regression) to take advantage on their unique capabilities and applicability for various parts of the prediction task. Experiments performed in Jupiter notebook and the major findings revealed varying levels of accuracy among the classifiers, with the Random Forest and 0.81 and Gradient Boosting classifiers 0.83 achieving highest accuracy, while the accuracy for SVM 0.82 and KNN 0.83 also give good result but Logistic Regression classifier had a lower accuracy 0.8. In conclusion, this research demonstrates the potential of AI and machine learning in predicting individual behaviour and offers valuable insights into mental health treatment-seeking behaviour.

  • APA 7th style
Younis, M. C. (2024). Prediction of patient’s willingness for treatment of mental illness using machine learning approaches. Applied Computer Science, 20(2), 175–193. https://doi.org/10.35784/acs-2024-23
  • Chicago style
Younis, Mohammed Chachan. „Prediction of Patient's Willingness for Treatment of Mental Illness Using Machine Learning Approaches”. Applied Computer Science 20, no. 2 (2024): 175–193.
  • IEEE style
M. C. Younis, „Prediction of patient's willingness for treatment of mental illness using machine learning approaches”, Applied Computer Science, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 175–193, 2024, doi: 10.35784/acs-2024-23.
  • Vancouver style
Younis MC. Prediction of patient’s willingness for treatment of mental illness using machine learning approaches. Applied Computer Science. 2024; 20(2):175–193.

AUTOMATION OF POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME DIAGNOSTICS THROUGH MACHINE LEARNING ALGORITHMS IN ULTRASOUND IMAGING

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This article presents a study aimed at using machine learning to automate the analysis of ultrasound images in the diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Today, various laboratory and instrumental methods are used to diagnose PCOS, including the analysis of ultrasound images performed by medical professionals. The peculiarity of such analysis is that it requires high qualification of medical professionals and can be subjective. The aim of this work is to develop a software module based on convolutional neural networks (CNN), which will improve the accuracy and objectivity of diagnosing polycystic disease as one of the clinical manifestations of PCOS. By using CNNs, which have proven to be effective in image processing and classification, it becomes possible to automate the analysis process and reduce the influence of the human factor on the diagnosis result. The article describes a machine learning model based on CNN architecture, which was proposed by the authors for analyzing ultrasound images in order to determine polycystic disease. In addition, the article emphasizes the importance of the interpretability of the CNN model. For this purpose, the Gradient-weighted Class Activation Mapping (Grad-CAM) visualization method was used, which allows to identify the image areas that most affect the model's decision and provides clear explanations for each individual prediction.

  • APA 7th style
Galagan, R., Andreiev, S., Stelmakh, N., Rafalska, Y., & Momot, A. (2024). Automation of polycystic ovary syndrome diagnostics through machine learning algorithms in ultrasound imaging. Applied Computer Science, 20(2), 194–204. https://doi.org/10.35784/acs-2024-24
  • Chicago style
Galagan, Roman, Serhiy Andreiev, Nataliia Stelmakh, Yaroslava Rafalska, and Andrii Momot. „Automation of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Diagnostics through Machine Learning Algorithms in Ultrasound Imaging”. Applied Computer Science 20, no. 2 (2024): 194–204.
  • IEEE style
R. Galagan, S. Andreiev, N. Stelmakh, Y. Rafalska, and A. Momot, „Automation of polycystic ovary syndrome diagnostics through machine learning algorithms in ultrasound imaging”, Applied Computer Science, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 194–204, 2024, doi: 10.35784/acs-2024-24.
  • Vancouver style
Galagan R, Andreiev S, Stelmakh N, Rafalska Y, Momot A. Automation of polycystic ovary syndrome diagnostics through machine learning algorithms in ultrasound imaging. Applied Computer Science. 2024; 20(2):194–204.